Makushi and Wapichana parabiologists at vegetation and soil assessment training workshop. Dr, Kye Epps, course leader at bottom left.
We used a technically approved United Nations Forest Reference Emission Level (FREL) submission and Opt-In Mechanism to assess how fifteen indigenous communities with tenured forestland may financially benefit from national REDD+. We provide a first-time assessment whether field estimates of the average carbon density of mature forests managed by fifteen forest-dependent communities equals that of nearby unmanaged mature forest, as this could affect REDD+ payment levels. We conclude that, notwithstanding some pending issues, Guyana’s national REDD+ program could be very beneficial for FDP, even under a modest United States (US) $5 unit carbon price.
Free access to full paper: http://www.mdpi.com/1999-4907/9/5/231
Catitu (foto: Jose MV Fragoso)
A conservação de espécies cinegéticas neotropicais deve levar em conta os meios de vida e necessidades alimentares das populações humanas locais.
Resumo: Continue reading
Posted in Amazon, Neotropical Wildlife, Peccary, Publications, sustainability, Sustainable livelihoods, Tropical Wildlife, Uncategorized, Wild pigs
Tagged Amazon, Biodiversity, Brasil, Brazil, conservation, Guyana, indigenous managment, Indigenous people, Macuxi, Wildlife
Collared peccary (copyright photo Jose MV Fragoso)
Our new paper in the journal PLOS ONE reports that we are grossly under-detecting hunted animal species. The results challenge the many studies showing serious negative impacts of subsistence hunting on wildlife species. Seems like the animals may be hiding from us. This research indicates that we need to reassess how we measure hunting impacts in the tropics.
Read the article: http://journals.plos.org/plosone/article?id=10.1371/journal.pone.0152659
Posted in Guyana, Neotropical Wildlife, Peccary, sustainability, Sustainable livelihoods, Wild pigs
Tagged Amazon, Biodiversity, Brasil, Brazil, conservation, Guyana, indigenous managment, Indigenous people, participatory monitoring, tropical biodiversity, Tropical rainforest, Wildlife
Muheres Uaiuais preparam farinha de mandioca tradicional (Foto: José Fragoso)
“Populações habitam a região amazônica há milhares de anos, mas o avanço de elementos da vida moderna está pondo em risco a sustentabilidade desses povos e do ecossistema onde vivem. Essa é a conclusão de um estudo elaborado pela equipe do biólogo português José Fragoso, da Universidade Stanford, nos EUA.” “ — Os resultados da pesquisa mostram que apenas não invadir áreas indígenas não é suficiente — diz Fragoso. — O que acontece no entorno das reservas tem grande impacto no interior.”
Reportagem do O Globo:Modelo prevê impacto de fatores externos em tribos indígenas – Jornal O Globo
Posted in Amazon, News, public, sustainability, Sustainable livelihoods, Tropical Wildlife
Tagged Biodiversity, deforestation, environmental monitoring, Indigenous people, Macuxi, Makushi, participatory monitoring, rainforests, tropical biodiversity, Tropical rainforest
Industrial scale soybean fields cut from forest by the Xingu Indigenous Area, Brazil (Photo copyright by Jose Fragoso)
Stanford University reports on how our computer model simulating sustainability sheds light on how modern interventions can affect tropical forests and indigenous peoples. Our computer simulation shows that carefully designing government interactions with rural indigenous people is critical for protecting the sustainability of people, wildlife and the land.
Read the full article here: http://news.stanford.edu/news/2016/march/amazon-model-fragoso-031116.html
Posted in Guyana, Neotropical Wildlife, Publications, Uncategorized
Tagged Amazon, Biodiversity, Brasil, Brazil, deforestation, Indigenous people, Macuxi, Makushi, soy bean impacts, sustainability, tropical dams, Tropical rainforest
Preparing field for planting soybeans near indigenous land in the Cerrado of Brazil (Photo copyright by Jose Fragoso )
Our latest publication is out in Frontiers in Ecology and The Environment. We examine the socio-environmental sustainability of protected areas inhabited by indigenous and rural peoples and describe how socio-ecological change and development (e.g., forest clear-cutting outside indigenous areas, religious conversion, improved child mortality rates and introduction of resources from outside) outside these areas influences the sustainability of biodiversity, forest cover, and people inside. There are some surprising results so read the publication!
Read the article:
Posted in Amazon, Guyana, Neotropical Wildlife, Uncategorized
Tagged agent based modeling, Amazon development, Brasil, Brazil, cash transfer program, child mortality, conservation, dams, deforestation, food subsidy, future of the Amazon, health care, indigenous, Indigenous people, land use, Macuxi, Makushi, rainforests, Religion, Soybean plantations, Tropical, Tropical rainforest, welfare
Agro-industrial soy bean farm adjacent to forest of an indigenous area in Brazil (photo Jose Fragoso)
Research collaborators Takuya Iwamura, Eric Lambin, Kirsten Silvius, Jeffrey B Luzar, and José Fragoso have a new paper in press. The publication examines the resiliency and sustainability of biodiversity, human livelihoods and forest cover within Amazonian indigenous lands under various future development scenarios. The paper is scheduled for publication in the February 2016 issue of the journal “Frontiers in Ecology and the Environment”.
Posted in Amazon, Neotropical Wildlife, Publications, Tropical Wildlife
Tagged Amazon, Biodiversity, Brasil, Brazil, conservation, deforestation, First Nations, Indigenous people, rainforests, soy bean farming, Tropical rainforest, Wildlife
Anthony Cummings (photo from the Web)
Anthony Ravindra Cummings led the Project Fauna team in the production of a vegetation map for the Rupununi region of Guyana, with the participation of Makushi, Wapichana and other Amerindians. Cummings and co-authors Jane Read (Syracuse University, USA) and Jose Fragoso state that with hunter’s vegetation descriptions and remotely sensed imagery we produced an eleven-class vegetation map that covered the main vegetation types described by hunters. “The final map shows that indigenous hunters can be important partners in the map-making process…”.
Posted in Amazon, Guyana, Mapping, News, Publications
Tagged Amerindians, citizen science, First Nations, Guiana Shield, Guyana, indigenous mapping, Indigenous people, native americans, participatory monitoring, process cartography, Roraima, Rupununi, Tribal
Spectacled Caiman (photo by Jose Fragoso)
Stanford University produced a short documentary of our monitoring of plants and animals of the Amazon. Watch amazing scenes of caimans, capybaras, tapirs, giant anteaters, giant otters, macaws and other unusual creatures filmed during our field studies. The interview focuses on the successful monitoring of these animals by indigenous people. The take home message is that indigenous people use wildlife in a sustainable fashion.
Watch the video here: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=upmzEzuF_ls
Posted in lectures, News, public
Tagged Amazon, caiman, Capybara, forest, giant otters, indigenous, Indigenous people, macaws, Tapir, tropical biodiversity, Wildlife
Jose Fragoso gives lecture at Stanford’s Native American Cultural Center on indigenous spirituality and the sustainability of culture and the environment. http://events-prod.stanford.edu/events/499/49961/
Posted in lectures, News, public
Tagged Amazon, conservation, First Nations, Guyana, Holy places, Indigenous people, Indigenous religions, native americans, Religion, Shamanism, Shaminism, South America, sustainability, TEK, tradional knowledge